Any law which deals with any kind of a dispute between individuals, organizations, or both is a civil law. Civil law mostly relates to the rights, their violation and hence, compensation. It is different from criminal law as criminal law is concerned with punishment as a remedy whereas civil law solves a problem with the awarding of compensation. Due to such differences, the procedure followed is also different for both the variations of law. Civil law procedures are always governed by the Civil Procedure Code. Civil Law can be further classified into various other laws which deals with different industries and also on the basis of social needs.

Civil law is a body of rules that defines and protects the private rights of citizens, offers legal remedies that may be sought in a dispute, and covers areas of law such as contracts, torts, property and family law. Civil law is derived from the laws of ancient Rome which used doctrines to develop a code that determined how legal issues would be decided. To explore this concept, consider the following civil law definition.

What the civil law is:

  • comprehensive system of rules and principles usually arranged in codes and easily accessible to citizens and jurists.
  • well organized system that favors cooperation, order, and predictability, based on a logical and dynamic taxonomy developed from Roman law and reflected in the structure of the codes.
  • An adaptable system, with civil codes avoiding excessive detail and containing general clauses that permit adaptation to change.
  • primarily legislative system, yet leaving room for the judiciary to adjust rules to social change and new needs, by way of interpretation and creative jurisprudence.